As of 11/20/2019
  Indus: 27,821 -112.93 -0.4%  
  Trans: 10,695 -152.59 -1.4%  
  Utils: 855 +6.70 +0.8%  
  Nasdaq: 8,527 -43.93 -0.5%  
  S&P 500: 3,108 -11.72 -0.4%  
YTD
 +19.3%  
 +16.6%  
 +19.9%  
 +28.5%  
 +24.0%  
  Targets    Overview: 11/14/2019  
  Up arrow28,200 or 27,100 by 12/01/2019
  Up arrow11,400 or 10,600 by 12/01/2019
  Up arrow870 or 800 by 12/01/2019
  Up arrow8,700 or 8,200 by 12/01/2019
  Up arrow3,200 or 3,025 by 12/01/2019
As of 11/20/2019
  Indus: 27,821 -112.93 -0.4%  
  Trans: 10,695 -152.59 -1.4%  
  Utils: 855 +6.70 +0.8%  
  Nasdaq: 8,527 -43.93 -0.5%  
  S&P 500: 3,108 -11.72 -0.4%  
YTD
 +19.3%  
 +16.6%  
 +19.9%  
 +28.5%  
 +24.0%  
  Targets    Overview: 11/14/2019  
  Up arrow28,200 or 27,100 by 12/01/2019
  Up arrow11,400 or 10,600 by 12/01/2019
  Up arrow870 or 800 by 12/01/2019
  Up arrow8,700 or 8,200 by 12/01/2019
  Up arrow3,200 or 3,025 by 12/01/2019

Bulkowski's Bearish Engulfing

 

My book, Encyclopedia of Candlestick ChartsEncyclopedia of Candlestick Charts book., pictured on the left, takes an in-depth look at candlesticks, including performance statistics.

If you click on the above link and then buy the book (or anything) while at Amazon.com, the referral will help support this site. Thanks.

-- Tom Bulkowski

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The bearish engulfing candlestick is one of the more popular and well known candlesticks. It works very well as a bearish reversal, performing that way 79% of the time (ranking 5 out of 103 candlestick types where 1 is best). Unfortunately, the trend after the breakout is short-lived, ranking 91st. Thus, even though price will often reverse, the bearish engulfing candlestick does not imply a lasting reversal.

Important Results
Discussion
Identification Guidelines
Three Trading Tidbits
Example
See Also

Bearish Engulfing: Important Results

Theoretical performance: Bearish reversal
Tested performance: Bearish reversal 79% of the time
Frequency rank: 11
Overall performance rank: 91
Best percentage meeting price target: 76% (bear market, down breakout)
Best average move in 10 days: -5.92% (bear market, down breakout)
Best 10-day performance rank: 21 (bear market, down breakout)

All ranks are out of 103 candlestick patterns with the top performer ranking 1. "Best" means the highest rated of the four combinations of bull/bear market, up/down breakouts.

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

The ideal bearish engulfing candlestick
Bearish Engulfing
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Bearish Engulfing: Discussion

The bearish engulfing candlestick performs best after a downward breakout, but really sucks after an upward one. Compare the ranks of 103 and 100 candles for upward breakouts in a bull/bear market, respectively, with 25 and 21 candles for downward breakouts.

The bullish engulfing candlestick is just like it sounds. In an upward price trend, look for a white candle followed by a black candle the body of which overlaps the body of the white candle. By overlaps, I mean the body of the black candle has an open above the prior close and a close below the prior open. The black body is taller than the white body, and everything appears in an upward price trend. Still confused? Just look at a picture of the ideal bearish engulfing candlestick above.

Bearish Engulfing: Identification Guidelines

CharacteristicDiscussion
Number of candle linesTwo.
Price trend leading to the patternUpward.
ConfigurationLook for a two candle pattern in an upward price trend. The first candle is white and the second is black. The body of the black candle is taller and overlaps the candle of the white body. Shadows are unimportant.
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Bearish Engulfing: Three Trading Tidbits

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The pages refer to the book where the tips appear.

  1. Bearish engulfing candles that appear within a third of the yearly low perform best -- page 311.
  2. Select tall candles -- page 311.
  3. Trade upward retracements in a downward price trend -- page 313.

Bearish Engulfing: Example

The bearish engulfing candlestick on the daily scale

The bearish engulfing candlestick appears a A, circled in red, on the daily price chart. In an upward price trend, look for a white candle followed by a black candle. The body of the black candle should engulf or overlap the white candle's body, as shown here. Shadow overlap is not important.

This bearish engulfing candlestick breaks out downward when price closes below the bottom of the candlestick pattern first. Thus, the bearish engulfing candlestick serves as a bearish reversal in this example and in 79% of the other 20,000 that I studied.

Two additional bearish engulfing candlesticks appear at B and C. Candle B acts as another bearish reversal, but C acts as a continuation of the uptrend.

-- Thomas Bulkowski

Top of page More

See Also

 

Support this site! Clicking any of the books (below) takes you to Amazon.com. If you buy ANYTHING while there, they pay for the referral.

My novels:      New                  Bumper's Story Head's Law

Chart Patterns: After the Buy Getting Started in Chart Patterns, Second Edition Trading Basics Fundamental Analysis and Position Trading Swing and Day Trading Visual Guide to Chart Patterns Encyclopedia of Candlestick Charts Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns 2nd Edition Trading Classic Chart Patterns

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