As of 08/22/2019
  Indus: 26,252 +49.51 +0.2%  
  Trans: 10,073 -34.32 -0.3%  
  Utils: 841 +0.59 +0.1%  
  Nasdaq: 7,991 -28.82 -0.4%  
  S&P 500: 2,923 -1.48 -0.1%  
YTD
 +12.5%  
 +9.8%  
 +17.9%  
 +20.4%  
 +16.6%  
  Targets    Overview: 08/15/2019  
  Up arrow27,200 or 24,900 by 09/01/2019
  Up arrow10,700 or 9,550 by 09/01/2019
  Up arrow850 or 790 by 09/01/2019
  Up arrow8,200 or 7,400 by 09/01/2019
  Up arrow3,000 or 2,750 by 09/01/2019
As of 08/22/2019
  Indus: 26,252 +49.51 +0.2%  
  Trans: 10,073 -34.32 -0.3%  
  Utils: 841 +0.59 +0.1%  
  Nasdaq: 7,991 -28.82 -0.4%  
  S&P 500: 2,923 -1.48 -0.1%  
YTD
 +12.5%  
 +9.8%  
 +17.9%  
 +20.4%  
 +16.6%  
  Targets    Overview: 08/15/2019  
  Up arrow27,200 or 24,900 by 09/01/2019
  Up arrow10,700 or 9,550 by 09/01/2019
  Up arrow850 or 790 by 09/01/2019
  Up arrow8,200 or 7,400 by 09/01/2019
  Up arrow3,000 or 2,750 by 09/01/2019

Bulkowski's Black Candle

 

My book, Encyclopedia of Candlestick ChartsEncyclopedia of Candlestick Charts book., pictured on the left, takes an in-depth look at candlesticks, including performance statistics.

If you click on the above link and then buy the book (or anything) while at Amazon.com, the referral will help support this site. Thanks.

-- Tom Bulkowski

$ $ $

The black candlestick shows near random direction under actual market conditions since it acts as a continuation 52% of the time. In theory, it can act as either a continuation candlestick or a reversal. The only thing remarkable about this candlestick is its frequency: 3rd out of 103 where 1 is the most common. Performance over 10 days is about what you would expect: close to last place (ranking 82).

Important Results
Discussion
Identification Guidelines
Three Trading Tidbits
Example
See Also

Black Candles: Important Results

Theoretical performance: Reversal or continuation
Tested performance: Continuation 52% of the time
Frequency rank: 3
Overall performance rank: 82
Best percentage meeting price target: 84% (bear market, down breakout)
Best average move in 10 days: -6% (bear market, down breakout)
Best 10-day performance rank: 19 (bear market, down breakout)

All ranks are out of 103 candlestick patterns with the top performer ranking 1. "Best" means the highest rated of the four combinations of bull/bear market, up/down breakouts.

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

The ideal black candlestick
Black Candlestick

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Black Candle: Discussion

In theory, a black candlestick can act as either a reversal or continuation of the existing price trend. In testing, I found that it acts as a continuation 52% of the time, which is almost like saying the breakout direction is random. On a scale of 1 to 103, the black candle placed third for frequency, where 1 is best. That means the candle is as plentiful as beach sand in your shoes after a picnic on the lakeshore. The rank for overall price performance over 10 days is a dismal 82, well behind the herd.

A bear market after a downward breakout is where the black candlestick gets its strength. It meets the predicted price target 84% of the time, drops 6% in 10 days, on average, and ranks 19th for that performance under those conditions.

Black Candle: Identification Guidelines

CharacteristicDiscussion
Number of candle linesOne.
Price trend leading to the patternNone required.
ConfigurationLook for a black colored candle of average size with shadows that are smaller than the body height.

Black Candles: Three Trading Tidbits

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The pages refer to the book where the tips appear.

  1. Black candles that appear within a third of the yearly low perform best -- page 149.
  2. Black candles taller than the median show price that moves almost twice as far after the breakout as those shorter than the median -- page 149-150.
  3. If the day price closes above or below the top/bottom of the candle is on high volume, expect a larger price move than on those days that have light breakout volume -- page 150.

The black candlestick on the daily scale

Black Candle: Example

The figure shows three black candlesticks on the daily scale. Each one has shadows smaller than the body height (although candle A might not look like it). Since this candle has no real defined breakout direction, I consider it meaningless. It is just another price bar on the chart.

Candle A begins the downtrend after a black candle with a tall upper shadow. Candle B looks as if it reverses the downtrend -- at least for a while. Candle C ends the swift down draft and price moves horizontally for a few days before rebounding. Can you tell anything from these three black candles?

-- Thomas Bulkowski

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More

See Also

 

Support this site! Clicking any of the books (below) takes you to Amazon.com. If you buy ANYTHING while there, they pay for the referral.

My novels:      New                  Bumper's Story Head's Law

Chart Patterns: After the Buy Getting Started in Chart Patterns, Second Edition Trading Basics Fundamental Analysis and Position Trading Swing and Day Trading Visual Guide to Chart Patterns Encyclopedia of Candlestick Charts Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns 2nd Edition Trading Classic Chart Patterns

Copyright © 2005-2019 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved.
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Some pattern names are registered trademarks of their respective owners.

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