As of 10/11/2019
  Indus: 26,817 +319.92 +1.2%  
  Trans: 10,292 +224.65 +2.2%  
  Utils: 867 -5.54 -0.6%  
  Nasdaq: 8,057 +106.26 +1.3%  
  S&P 500: 2,970 +32.14 +1.1%  
YTD
 +15.0%  
 +12.2%  
 +21.6%  
 +21.4%  
 +18.5%  
  Targets    Overview: 09/30/2019  
  Up arrow27,600 or 25,600 by 10/15/2019
  Up arrow11,100 or 9,700 by 10/15/2019
  Up arrow900 or 850 by 10/15/2019
  Up arrow8,300 or 7,700 by 10/15/2019
  Down arrow2,825 or 3,050 by 10/15/2019
As of 10/11/2019
  Indus: 26,817 +319.92 +1.2%  
  Trans: 10,292 +224.65 +2.2%  
  Utils: 867 -5.54 -0.6%  
  Nasdaq: 8,057 +106.26 +1.3%  
  S&P 500: 2,970 +32.14 +1.1%  
YTD
 +15.0%  
 +12.2%  
 +21.6%  
 +21.4%  
 +18.5%  
  Targets    Overview: 09/30/2019  
  Up arrow27,600 or 25,600 by 10/15/2019
  Up arrow11,100 or 9,700 by 10/15/2019
  Up arrow900 or 850 by 10/15/2019
  Up arrow8,300 or 7,700 by 10/15/2019
  Down arrow2,825 or 3,050 by 10/15/2019

Bulkowski's Rectangle Bottoms

 

Statistics updated on 1/16/2009.

For more information on this pattern, read Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns Second EditionEncyclopedia of Chart Patterns 2nd Edition book., pictured on the right, pages 563 to 578.

If you click on the above link and then buy the book (or anything) while at Amazon.com, the referral will help support this site. Thanks.

-- Tom Bulkowski

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Rectangle bottoms, so called because price enters the pattern from the top, are mid list performing chart patterns. The failure rate is higher than other chart patterns, but the average rise in a bull market is quite good. However, rectangle bottoms (or horizontal channels) are rare.

 

 

Score your pattern
for performance
Rectangle bottom chart pattern
Rectangle Bottom Chart Pattern

Rectangle Bottoms: Important Bull Market Results

Overall performance rank for up/down breakouts (1 is best): 26 out of 56/4 out of 53
Break even failure rate for up/down breakouts: 15%; 24%
Average rise/decline: 47%; 16%
Throwback/pullback rate: 65%; 66%
Percentage meeting price target for up/down breakouts: 78%; 55%

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

Rectangle Bottom: Identification Guidelines

CharacteristicDiscussion
Price trendDownward leading to the chart pattern.
ShapePrices have flat tops and flat bottoms, crossing the pattern from side to side following two parallel trendlines.
TrendlinesTwo near horizontal trendlines bound price action.
TouchesPrice should touch one trendline at least three time and the other trendline twice (5-touch minimum) using distinct peaks and valleys.
Volume trendTrends downward at least 71% of the time.
BreakoutUpward 59% of the time.

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Rectangle Bottom: Trading Tips

Trading TacticExplanation Rectangle bottom measure rule
The Measure Rule
Measure ruleCompute the height between the two trendlines (A and B in the measure rule figure to the right) and then multiply it by the above 'percentage meeting price target.' Add it to the price of the top trendline (A, upward breakouts) or subtract it from the bottom trendline (B, downward breakouts) to get a target price (C).
Wait for breakoutSince the breakout can be in any direction, wait for price to close outside the trendline before taking a position.
Intrapattern tradeIf the rectangle is tall enough, buy at the bottom trendline and sell at the top one, then reverse the trade.
HeightTall patterns with upward breakouts perform substantially better than short ones.
Volume trendRectangles with a rising volume trend outperform regardless of the breakout direction.
Yearly lowRectangles with breakouts (up or down) near the yearly low perform best.
Partial rise/declineA partial rise predicts a downward breakout 75% of the time; a partial decline correctly predicts an upward breakout 77% of the time.
Throwbacks and pullbacksThrowbacks and pullbacks hurt post breakout performance.

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Rectangle Bottom: Example

Rectangle bottom chart pattern example

The above figure shows an example of a rectangle bottom chart pattern. Price bounces between two parallel trendlines. Few chart patterns are perfect and the one shown has price peaking out the top at B. A pullback at A allows traders that own the stock another opportunity to exit a position before the downtrend resumes.

-- Thomas Bulkowski

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Rectangle Bottom: Other Examples

See Also

 

Support this site! Clicking any of the books (below) takes you to Amazon.com. If you buy ANYTHING while there, they pay for the referral.

My novels:      New                  Bumper's Story Head's Law

Chart Patterns: After the Buy Getting Started in Chart Patterns, Second Edition Trading Basics Fundamental Analysis and Position Trading Swing and Day Trading Visual Guide to Chart Patterns Encyclopedia of Candlestick Charts Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns 2nd Edition Trading Classic Chart Patterns

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Some pattern names are registered trademarks of their respective owners.

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